Do I need a footing?

by JC Ben
(CIBOLO Tx)

April 16, 2011
Question
Building a 18' by 12' concrete patio, with a cover...will I have to put a footing down?

Answer
Hi JC,
The footing depends on the type of cover. Most likely you want to anchor the cover to the slab.

There are three options that I can think of:
Option 1. Pour your patio with thicken edges similar to the sketch below. This will allow you to drill anchors into your slab to support the cover. The thicker edges will give you better options for type of anchors.

fig24patiothickedge

Option 2: Dig footings for the post. If the cover has posts, make their locations thicker. For posts that are permanently anchored to the slab, make the footings deeper i.e. 8"x8"x12" (eight inches square, 12 inches deep). This will provide extra bending resistance for wind load.

Your main concern is the wind load. The slab will provide a nice anchor but you need to make sure your slab won't crack due to the lifting and twisting effects of the wind.

Option 3: If the cover is not a permanent structure, don't put footing - this by the way is my favorite option :-)

Hope this helps
Tonga

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